...stone buildings and other artificial stone structures are - to some extent - a kind of substitute substrate for rock dwelling creatures. In the Netherlands, natural rock formations can only be found in the uttermost South, a region highly appreciated by all kinds of biologists. However, those rocks, although natural formations, are not natural in their exposure, which was caused by excavations in former centuries.
Back to the artificial 'rocks'. Plant life can be quite diverse on those - especially older - stone structures, like old buildings etcetera. Last week, I visited an old graveyard in the neighbouring village called Hemmen. It has a lovely little church, with an intimate small graveyard. Some grave monuments date back to the late 19th century, and where they are shaded, they are overgrown by mosses. I took my SMC Macro-Takumar 50/4 and a series of extension tubes to make some close ups from these mosses. It's some of the sparse plant life in winter, so I enjoyed it very much! All these photos are made from a cheap and light tripod (Velbon) with legs that can be spread almost horizontal. Hope you like them. And if you want to see more, you can visit my website: mosses.
#1: Orthotrichum anomalum (left, dark) and Orthotrichum diaphanum (right, bright)
#2: Tortula muralis, Grimmia pulvinata (central front), and Orthotrichum anomalum
#3: Tortula muralis with capsules (Macro-Takumar with extension tubes)